California Gardens - The Year Round Gardening Site

Common Buckeye ~ Junonia coenia

The Common Buckeye can have up to 4 generations in a season. Junonia coenia is common throughout the southern part of the United States and up the coasts to Central California and North Carolina. The Common Buckeye eats Plantain, Monkeyflowers, Snapdragons and Linaria as a caterpillar. As adults they nectar from plants in the aster and mint and california lilac families. Most often I have found the buckeye in open mowed fields or sunning on rocks or pathways. The plant this Common Buckeye Butterfly is feeding on is Bacharis pilularis, Coyote Brush. This plant is in the Aster or Daisy Family and is a great late season choice for the butterfly garden.

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Common Buckeye, Junonia coenia

Spread wing view of Common Buckeye Butterfly on Coyote Brush Flowers. High resolution photos are part of our garden image collection.

Common Buckeye, Junonia coenia

Profile of Common Buckeye Butterfly nectaring on Coyote Brush flowers. High resolution photos are part of our garden image collection.

Plants to use in your garden to encourage the Common Buckeye to join you in your garden:
Larval Food for Buckeye Caterpillars includes plants in the Monkeyflower family these include the following from our ornamental plants lists:
Antirrhinum hispanicum
Antirrhinum multiflorum
Argyranthemum Chelsea Girl
Argyranthemum Madeira Cherry Red
Argyranthemum Silver Lady
Digitalis ferruginea
Digitalis Illumination Flame
Digitalis mertonensis
Digitalis Silver Fox
Eremophila aurea
Eremophila Big Poly
Eremophila glabra Kalgoorlie
Eremophila glabra Mingenew Gold
Eremophila glabra Winter Blaze
Eremophila hygrophana
Eremophila maculata
Eremophila maculata Valentine
Galvezia speciosa
Leucophyllum candidum
Leucophyllum frutescens
Linaria vugaris
Mimulus aurantiacus
Mimulus cardinalis
Mimulus flemingii
Mimulus Georgie Red
Mimulus Jack
Mimulus Midnight
Mimulus puniceus
Mimulus Ruby Silver
Penstemon Apple Blossom
Penstemon Burgundy Brew
Penstemon centranthifolius
Penstemon cobaea
Penstemon eatonii
Penstemon Evelyn
Penstemon Firebird
Penstemon grinnellii
Penstemon heterophyllus
Penstemon Hidcote Pink
Penstemon Holly's White
Penstemon Husker Red
Penstemon Margarita BOP
Penstemon Midnight
Penstemon palmeri
Penstemon parryi
Penstemon Raven
Penstemon Red Rocks
Penstemon spectabilis
Penstemon trifloros
Phygelius capensis
Phygelius Moonraker
Phygelius Pink Sensation
Rehmannia elata
Ruellia brittoniana
Russellia equisetiformis
Russellia equisetiformis aurea